Publication Type:
Publication Title:
 Seeds Of Buchholzia Coriacea In Diet Mitigate Ischemic Reperfusion–Induced Gastric Ulceration In Experimental Rats
Publication Authors:
 Adeola Temitope Salami, Olugbenga Adeola Odukanmi, Omosola Fisayo Faniyan, Tosan Peter Omayone &
Year Published:
Buchholzia coriacea (B. coriacea) seeds, in folk medicine, have been documented to prevent gastric ulceration though the mechanism is not fully elucidated. To clarify this, the gastro-healing activities were investigated using graded incorporation of B. coriacea seeds in the diet. Male Wistar rats (150–200 g) were divided into 7 groups (n = 15): unulcerated untreated control, ulcerated untreated control, unulcerated B. coriacea low (10%), ulcerated B. coriacea low (10%), nulcerated B. coriacea high (25%), ulcerated B. coriacea high (25%), and ulcerated omeprazole-treated groups. Rats were fed with B. coriacea diets for 7 weeks; thereafter, ulcer was induced by ischemic reperfusionmethod. Daily body weight, gastric acid secretion, hematological parameters, stomach ulcer score, and biochemical and histological analyses were evaluated on days 0, 3, and 7 post–ulcer induction. Results were subjected to one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and presented as mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM); p .05 was considered significant. Significant decreases were observed in mean body weight of B. coriacea–fed compared with control and omeprazole-treated groups from week 7. Ulcerated B. coriacea–fed showed significant decrease in gastric acid secretion by days 3 and 7 compared with ulcerated control groups. Malondialdehyde content was significantly decreased in ulcerated B. coriacea–fed compared with control and omeprazole–treated groups. Significant increases in hematological variables (notably platelet count), superoxide dismutase, catalase, and nitric oxide levels of B. coriacea–fed compared with control and omeprazole-treated groups by days 0 and 3 were observed. Histological evaluations further confirmed these observations. B. coriacea diet enhanced gastric healing activities on ischemic reperfused gastric ulcer. Increased platelet count and nitric oxide levels may play significant roles in